A delay claim is a request made by a contractor or subcontractor for compensation or an extension of time due to delays experienced during the execution of a construction project. These delays may arise from unforeseen circumstances, changes in project scope, or other factors that are beyond the contractor’s control and were not considered during the initial planning and contract negotiations.

In the context of quantity surveying, a delay claim typically involves the following aspects:

  1. Identification of the cause of delay: This involves analysing the events or circumstances that have led to the delay, such as design changes, adverse weather conditions, or unanticipated site conditions.
  2. Evaluation of the impact: The quantity surveyor assesses the extent of the delay, including its impact on the project schedule, cost, and overall performance.
  3. Contractual entitlement: The delay claim is reviewed in light of the relevant contract provisions, such as force majeure clauses, change orders, or other terms that may allow for compensation or an extension of time in case of delays.
  4. Documentation and substantiation: The contractor is usually required to provide evidence supporting the delay claim, such as correspondence, progress reports, photographs, or other relevant documents.
  5. Negotiation and resolution: The involved parties, including the quantity surveyor, client, and contractor, work together to negotiate a fair and reasonable resolution to the delay claim, which may involve granting an extension of time, adjusting the contract price, or both.

Delay claims play an essential role in managing construction projects, as they ensure that contractors are fairly compensated for unforeseen events and that project timelines and budgets are adjusted accordingly. Quantity surveyors play a crucial role in evaluating, negotiating, and resolving delay claims, helping to maintain a fair balance between the interests of clients and contractors.